Crop Detail

History and economic importance. Persian clover or shaftal (Trifolium rcsupinannn L.) belongs to the Lcguminosac family. The shaftal plant is native to South Asia. In Europe, it was cultivated as an ornamental plant for many years. After its establishment as a fodder crop its cultivation spread to South America, West Germany Australia, and Central Asia. Now it occupies a significant position as a fodder crop in Egypt and Iran. In Pakistan, shaftal is also a relatively new fodder crop. It appears to have been introduced earlier than bereem, perhaps around 1910-15 in the Lahore region. Later it moved to the north western, cold irrigated or heavy rainfall areas of the country.

Major/Minor Minor
Temporary/Permanent Temporary
Category Agriculture Extension
Type Crops
Crop Climate Title Sub Tropical
Crop Water Method Title Rain-fed
Crop Duration Annual
Crop Economic Title Food Crop
Crop Growing Season Rabi / Winter / Cold Crops

Pests, Weeds, Diseases and Disorders

no weedicide recomended in stand crop
Fungal Diseases
Plant rot
Sucking Pests
Termites Leaf Hpper Snails Hairy caterpillar Gram caterpillar

Shaftal Crop Seed Varieties

Name Seed Rate
Shaftal 8 kg / acre
Shaftal 69, SH48, SH 69, SH 48 4-5kg/ Acre

Shaftal Districts Wise Calendar

Tele Farming Call Center, Project of Agriculture Extension ...


Agriculture Extension
Directorate of Agriculture Extension
Opposite Islamia College Gate No 1
Jamrud Road Peshawar

091-9224239 , 03481117070

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