Crop Detail

Spinach is an edible flowering plant in the family Amaranthaceae native to central and western Asia. Its leaves are eaten as a vegetable. It is an annual plant (rarely biennial) growing as tall as 30 cm (1 ft). Spinach may survive over winter in temperate regions. The leaves are alternate, simple, ovate to triangular, and very variable in size from about 2-30 cm (1-12 in) long and 1-15 cm (0.4-5.9) broad, with larger leaves at the base of the plant and small leaves higher on the flowering stem. The flowers are inconspicuous, yellow green, 3-4 mm (0.1-0.2) in diameter, maturing into a small, hard, dry, lumpy fruit cluster 5-10 mm (0.2-0.4 in) across containing several seeds. 
Spinach is originated in ancient Persia (modern Iran and neighboring countries). It is not known by whom, or when, spinach was introduced to India, but the plant was subsequently introduced to ancient China, where it was known as "Persian vegetable". The earliest available record of the spinach plant was recorded in Chinese, stating it was introduced into China via Nepal (probably in 647 AD).

Major/Minor Major
Temporary/Permanent Temporary
Category Agriculture Extension
Type Vegetables
Crop Climate Title Temperate
Crop Water Method Title Irrigated
Crop Duration Biennial
Crop Economic Title Food Crop
Crop Growing Season Rabi / Winter / Cold Crops

Pests, Weeds, Diseases and Disorders

Sucking Pests
Aphids Leaf Miner Mite Leaf Eating Caterpillar flies worms
Fungal Diseases
Downy Mildew bacterial soft rot fusarium wilt cucumber mosaic virus carpospores spot white rust heterosporium spot Blight (Late+early)
Bacterial Diseases
Bacterial Leaf Spot
Drying of seedlings leaves. drying of spinach over a night

Spinach Crop Seed Varieties

Name Seed Rate
Local Sindhi 8-10 kg per acre
Prickly Seeded 8-10 kg per acre

Spinach Districts Wise Calendar

Tele Farming Call Center, Project of Agriculture Extension ...


Agriculture Extension
Directorate of Agriculture Extension
Opposite Islamia College Gate No 1
Jamrud Road Peshawar

091-9224239 , 03481117070

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