Crop Detail

Cardamom, Elletaria cardamomum, is an herbaceous perennial in the family Zingiberaceae grown for its fruits which are used as a spice. Cardamom is a clumping plant with between 10 and 20 leafy shoots arising from the rhizome. The shoots are actually pseudostems composed of overlapping leaf sheaths. There are several additional flowering shoots. The leaves are lanceolate and dark green in color. The plant produces flowers on a long drooping pannicle and a capsule-like fruit which is triangular in cross section and initially pale green or yellow in color but dries to brown. The fruit contains 15–20 small aromatic seeds. Cardamom can reach a height of 5 m (16.4 ft) and has an economic lifespan of 10-15 years. Cardamom may also be referred to as green cardamom, black cardamom, brown cardamom, red cardamom or white cardamom and originates from southern India and Sri Lanka.

Major/Minor Minor
Temporary/Permanent Permanent
Category Agriculture Extension
Type Medicinal Plants
Crop Climate Title Tropical
Crop Water Method Title Rain-fed
Crop Duration Perennial
Crop Economic Title Cash Crop
Crop Growing Season Kharif / Rainy / Monsoon Crops

Pests, Weeds, Diseases and Disorders

Fungal Diseases
Katte diseases Capsule rot Damping or rhizome rot Leaf Spot Diseases Bacterial Leaf Blight Rhizome Rot (Pythium spp.) Phytophthora Root Rot (Phytophthora spp.) Ralstonia solanacearum
Sucking Pests
Thrips Shoot, panicle, capsule/borer Aphids Parasitic nematodes Shoot Borer (Conogethes punctiferalis) Fruit Borer (Elaphoidella grandidieri) White flies Scale Insect
Bermuda Grass Goose Grass Pig weed Pursulane Weed Wild Aster weed Nut sedge Grasss Yellow Nut Sedge Grass
Leaf Defoliation Stem Rot/ wilting Stunted Growth Lower Yield

Cardamom Crop Seed Varieties

Name Seed Rate
1 - Malabar Cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum var. major) -
2- Mysore Cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum var.miniscula) -
3 - Vazhuka Cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum var. vazhuka): -
4 -Njallani Cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum var. njallani) -
5 - Bhutan Cardamom (Amomum subulatum) also known as "black cardamom" or "large cardamom," -
- seed required 300-400 squaremeter, =1558 kg/acre
- -

Cardamom Districts Wise Calendar

Tele Farming Call Center, Project of Agriculture Extension ...


Agriculture Extension
Directorate of Agriculture Extension
Opposite Islamia College Gate No 1
Jamrud Road Peshawar

091-9224239 , 03481117070

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